Camellia Flowers: The Complete Guide

by Australian Flowers

Camellia flowers are a beautiful and popular addition to any garden, but many people don’t know how to care for them properly. This guide will teach you the basics of camellia care so you can have healthy and beautiful plants.

Camellia Flower

Camellia Flowers

Camellia flowers are one of the most popular and well-loved flowers in the world. They come in various colours, shapes, and sizes, and they have a long blooming season that makes them a favourite among gardeners. While camellias are generally easy to grow, there are a few things you should know to ensure your plants thrive.

In this complete guide to knowing this flower, we’ll cover everything you need to know about these beautiful blooms, including how to plant and care for them.

Types of Camellia Flowers

There are many types of flowers, but the most popular are listed down below:

April Dawn

April Dawn is a variety that is known for its large, bright flowers. This plant is native to China and Japan and has been cultivated for centuries. The April Dawn is famous for gardens and landscaping because of its beauty and easy maintenance.

This plant prefers acidic soils and does best in partial shade. April Dawn flowers plant can grow to be 6 feet tall and wide. These camellias bloom in late winter or early spring, and their flowers can last up to two months. The April Dawn is a hardy plant that is relatively low maintenance.

Elfin Roseo Fragrant Pink

Elfin Roseo is known for its pink colour. It is also known to be very fragrant. This type of flower is native to China and Japan. It blooms in the late winter to early spring. Elfin Roseo can grow to be about 3 feet tall and wide.

When planting this type, ensure it is in an area with full sun to partial shade. It is also important to note that this type does not like to sit in wet soil, so ensure the site you plant it in has good drainage. Elfin Roseo is a perfect camelia for borders, containers, or mass plantings.

Francis Eugene Phillips

Francis Eugene Phillips (1873-1940) was an American nurseryman and author who wrote several popular books on gardening during the early twentieth century. One of his most famous works is The Complete Guide to Camellia Flowers, published in 1922.

In this book, Phillips covers everything from the history and origins of this flower to their cultivation and care. He also provides tips on creating beautiful displays in the home.


Yuletide, also known as Christmas, is a holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. It is observed on December 25th every year when family and friends get together to exchange gifts, enjoy good food and create lasting memories. For Christians, it is a religious holiday commemorating the day Jesus was born.

This beautiful flower is often associated with this festive time of year. Native to Asia, they are part of the tea family and have been cultivated for centuries. They are prized for their delicate petals and stunning array of colours, which make them popular choices for bouquets and floral arrangements.

Hybrid Camellias

Pink Camellias

Regarding growing these flowers, there are two main types: hybrid and species. Hybrids are the result of cross-breeding two different types, and they’re usually what you’ll find for sale at nurseries and garden centres. Species, on the other hand, are the “pure” that grow naturally in the wild.

If you’re looking for camellias that will flower reliably and abundantly, hybrids are the way to go. But if you want something a little more unusual, species of camellias might be more up your alley. Remember, though, that species of camellias can be more selective to grow than hybrids.


Anticipation is growing as the weather becomes more relaxed, and we all know what that means… the season is just around the corner! Here are some tips on how to get the most out of your camellias this year.

First, these plants love the sun but can tolerate partial shade. If you live in an area with sweltering summers, it’s best to plant them in a shady spot. They also like moist, well-drained soil. You can improve your soil by adding organic matter such as compost or peat moss if your soil is dry.

China Clay

China Clay, or kaolin, is the main ingredient in camellias. The flower petals are delicate and thin, so they absorb water quickly. Because of this, the plants need a lot of humidity to thrive. If you live in a dry climate, you can create a more humid environment for your plant by grouping it with other plants, using a humidifier, or placing it on a pebble tray.

Les Jury

Les Jury is a grower in Australia with over 30 years of experience. He has won many awards for his flowers, including the prestigious International Camelia Society Award.

Elegant Beauty

This is a popular flower that has been cultivated for centuries. These beautiful blooms are native to Asia and can be found in various colours, including white, pink, red, and yellow. They are relatively easy to grow and care for, and they make an excellent addition to any garden.

If you’re thinking about planting them in your garden, here are a few things you should know: These plants prefer acidic soil with a pH of 6.0-6.5. If your soil is too alkaline, you can amend it with peat moss or sulphur.

Hardy Camellias

The hardy Camellias are a group of plants that can tolerate cold weather. They are perfect for planting in colder climates.

Some of the most popular hardies include the following:

  • Camellia japonica: This is the classic that is often seen in gardens. It has glossy green leaves and large, showy flowers.
  • Camellia sasanqua: This has smaller leaves and flowers than japonica. The flowers are often white or pink.
  • Camellia x Vernalis: This hybrid crosses japonica and sasanqua. It has the best characteristics of both parents, including large flowers and hardiness in cold weather.

Fall-Blooming Hardy Camellias

Camellia's 'Autumn Spirit'

There are many different types of these flowers, but the ones that bloom in the fall are hardy. Hardy camellias can survive in colder temperatures, so they are ideal for planting in areas where winter weather can be harsh. Some of the most popular fall-blooming hardy camellias include:

Camellia’s ‘Autumn Spirit’

One of the newer ones on the market, Autumn Spirit, is a beautiful deep red with a hint of orange. It blooms in the fall and early winter, making it a great addition to your garden during those colder months. They are relatively easy to grow, and Autumn Spirit is no exception. With just a little care, you can have these lovely blooms in your garden for years to come.

Camellia ‘Snow Flurry’

There are two types of blooms: single and double. ‘Snow Flurry’ is an excellent example of a single bloom. It has a simple but elegant look that can brighten any winter day.

Camellia ‘Survivor’

It is a hardy variety that can withstand colder winters. If you live in an area that experiences below-freezing temperatures, then this is a good choice. It can also tolerate heat and humidity better than other varieties.

Camellia’s ‘Winter’s Star’

Camellia’ Winter’s Star’ is an evergreen shrub with dark green leaves. The flowers are white and measure 3-4 inches in diameter. This variety is hardy in USDA zones 7-9.

To grow this, you must provide moist, well-drained soil and full sun to part shade. Mulch the plant in winter to protect it from cold weather. Fertilize in spring and summer with a balanced fertilizer. Prune the plant in late winter or early spring.

Spring-Blooming Hardy Camellias

There are many different types of hardy camelia plants that bloom in the spring. These camelia plants are perfect for gardeners who live in cold climates, as they can tolerate frost and colder temperatures.

Camellia Japonica ‘April Remembered.’

Camellia Japonica 'April Remembered.'

The meaning of “April remembered” is open to interpretation, but it could be interpreted as a reminder of the fleeting nature of time. The flower is often used as a symbol of love and appreciation because it blooms during the springtime when the weather is getting warmer and the days are getting longer.

Camellia Japonica ‘Bloomfield.’

Camellia japonica ‘Bloomfield’ is an early-blooming variety known for its beautiful pink flowers. If you are looking for a variety that blooms early in the spring, then this variety is a good option.

Camellia Japonica ‘Korean Fire.’

This is a beautiful flowering shrub. There are wide different varieties of these flowers, but the most popular is Camellia japonica. This has large, showy flowers in various colours, including white, pink, red and yellow.


These flowers are beautiful plants grown in gardens or containers. They prefer a shady spot and acidic soil but can be grown in other conditions with little care.

To keep your plant healthy, water them regularly and feed them with a good-quality fertilizer once a month. In cold climates, it is also important to mulch around the base of the plant to protect it from frost damage.


They need a minimum of six hours of sunlight each day. They will flower best in a position that receives morning sun and afternoon shade or dappled sunlight all day.


The soil requirements for flowers vary depending on the type of flowers. However, most of them prefer slightly acidic, well-drained soil. If your soil is too alkaline, you can lower the pH by adding sulphur to the ground. You can improve drainage by mixing in organic matter such as compost or peat moss.


Camellia Flowers

The flowers need an inch of water per week from rainfall or irrigation. Ensure the soil drains well, or you’ll have a soggy mess on your hands. Wet feet are one of the quickest ways to kill a plant. To check soil moisture, poke your finger into the ground. If it feels dry an inch below the surface, it’s time to water.

They are heavy feeders and benefit from being fertilized three times a year: in early spring, in late spring or early summer, and finally in mid-fall. A camellia fertilizer high in acid is best. Just follow the directions on the package.

Temperature and Humidity

This plant needs a cool, moist climate. The ideal temperature range is 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. They will not do well in direct sunlight; they need protection from the wind and a shady location. The soil should be acidic and well-drained.

When grown indoors, they need high humidity. One way to provide this is to set the pot on a tray of pebbles and water. The water should not touch the bottom of the pool, or the roots will rot. Fertilize monthly with an acid-based fertilizer.


Fertilizer requirements for plants vary depending on the type of flowers. For acid-loving varieties, a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in phosphorus is best. For alkaline soils, use a fertilizer high in nitrogen and low in phosphorus. Always follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for application rates and frequency.


These flowers do not require much pruning. Most of the time, pruning is not necessary at all. However, if you want to keep your plant healthy and looking its best, you may need to prune it occasionally. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

To prune, start by removing any dead or dying branches. Then, cut back any overgrown branches to the desired length. You can also thin out the plant by removing some of the older units near the base of the plant. This will help to encourage new growth. Finally, remove any suckers growing from the bottom of the plant.


Follow these simple steps, and you’ll be on your way to propagating your plants in no time!

  • Choose healthy cuttings from new growth near the tips of branches.
  • Strip away leaves from the cutting’s bottom 3-4 inches.
  • Dip the cutting in water and place it in a rooting hormone powder.
  • Stick the cutting into moist potting soil, ensuring that the top third of the cutting is sticking out of the earth.
  • Cover the pot with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and keep the soil moist
  • Check on your cuttings regularly and remove any dead ones.
  • After a few weeks, you should start to see new growth, at which point you can transplant camelia cuttings into larger pots.

How to Grow

Follow these simple steps, and you’ll be able to grow beautiful plants in no time!

  • Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil. They do not like wet feet!
  •  Amend your soil with compost or peat moss before planting.
  •  Dig a hole twice as wide as the pot your plant is currently in and just as deep.
  • Remove your camelia from its pot and place it in your dug hole. Fill in around the plant with soil, making sure to pack it down firmly so there is good contact between the ground and the roots of the camelia plant.
  • Water thoroughly after planting, and continue to water regularly (once or twice per week) throughout the growing season – unless rain provides enough moisture for your plants).
  • Apply a layer of mulch around your plants to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Feed regularly with fertilizer throughout the growing season.
  • Prune away any dead or diseased branches as needed.

Potting and Repotting

Camellia in Pots

Follow our simple guide on potting and repotting, and you’ll be well on your way to enjoying these lovely blooms in your garden.

  • Choose a pot that is slightly larger than the current pot your camelia plant is in. This will give the roots room to grow and help the plant stay healthy.
  • Add some well-draining soil to the new pot. It prefers acidic soil, so if you’re using a regular potting mix, mix in some peat moss or composted leaves.
  • Gently remove your plant from its current pot and loosen the roots slightly before placing it in the new pool.
  • Fill around the plant with more soil, leaving a slight mound at the top of the pot. This will help ensure that water drains away from the plant’s roots.
  • Water your plant well, and fertilize it monthly with an acid-loving fertilizer.

Camellias in Containers

When planting in a container, ensure the pot has drainage holes in the bottom. They do not like to sit in water, so adding gravel or small rocks to the potting soil will help keep the soil from becoming soggy. Fill the pot with a soil mix that is light and well-draining.

Dig a hole in the soil mix and place the plant in it so that the top of the root ball is level with the soil’s surface. Fill around the roots with more soil mix, pressing down gently to firm it up. Water well to settle the ground and continue to water as needed during the growing season.


When you overwinter your plant, you are keeping them in a dormant state. This means they will not be actively growing and resting until the next growing season. Doing this allows you to extend your camelia plants and keep them looking beautiful for many years.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

The most common pests of these flowers are aphids and spider mites. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and flowers of the plant. The most common diseases of flowers are fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and rust. These diseases can cause the leaves and flowers to turn yellow or brown and may eventually kill the plant.

Some diseases that the flowers can get are fungal. This means that a fungus is growing on the plant and making it sick. The most common ones are powdery mildew and rust.

How to Get the Flower Bloom

You can do a few things to help your flowers bloom. One is to ensure it gets enough sunlight; the flowers need at least six hours of sunlight per day. You can also help the flower bloom by giving it regular water and fertilizer. Be sure to follow the instructions on the fertilizer package, as too much or too little fertilizer can harm the plant.

Common Problem with Camellia

The most common problems with camellias are pests and diseases. Pests include aphids, scale insects, and mites. Conditions include root rot, leaf spot, and canker. Camellias can be sprayed with insecticides or fungicides to help control pests and diseases.

Yellow Leaves with Green Veins

Yellow Leaves in Camellia

It is most likely due to chlorosis if you have camellia bushes with yellow leaves with green veins. This is a common problem with camellias and is usually caused by improper soil pH. The ideal pH for camellias is between 6.0 and 6.5. Nutrient deficiencies can also cause chlorosis, so make sure to fertilize your camellias regularly.

Leaves Turn Yellow, Plant Wilts

If you notice that your camellia’s leaves are turning yellow, it is probably suffering from a nutrient deficiency. While camellias are not particularly susceptible to pests and diseases, they can be affected by root rot, which is often caused by overwatering or poor drainage. If you think your plant may be suffering from root rot, try to improve the drainage around the plant and reduce watering. If the leaves are yellow and the plant is wilting, it probably suffers from a lack of water.

Burned Leaf Edges

If the leaves of your camellia have crisp or browned edges, it is usually a sign of too much direct sunlight. Move your plant to an area with more indirect light and check to ensure the soil is not too dry.

Mindblowing Facts

  • The camelia is a flower that blooms in winter and symbolizes enduring love and faithfulness.
  • Camelias are native to eastern and southern Asia, from the Himalayas to Japan.
  • There are over 3,000 varieties of camellia, with Camellia japonica being the most popular.
  • Camelias can be white, pink, red, or yellow, and their flowers can be single or double.
  • The camelia is the official state flower of Alabama and Arkansas.
  • The camelia was named after Georg Josef Kamel, a Jesuit missionary and botanist who was the first to document the plant.
  • Camelias are used in tea, as well as in cosmetics and cooking oil.
  • The camelia is a member of the tea family (Theaceae), which also includes azaleas, rhododendrons, and magnolias.

Did You Know?

  • The camelia is the national flower of Vietnam.
  • Camelias are sometimes called the “queen of flowers because of their regal beauty.
  • Confucius believed that camellias were a symbol of wisdom and long life.
  • In China, camellias are known as “tung flower”, which means “winter flower”.
  • The camellia flower is native to Asia and popular for events like birthdays and Mother’s Day

Fun Facts

  • The camelia is the state flower of Alabama and Arkansas.
  • The camelia is the national flower of Vietnam.
  • The camelia was named after Georg Josef Kamel, a Jesuit missionary and botanist who was the first to document the plant.
  • Confucius believed that camellias were a symbol of wisdom and long life.
  • In China, camellias are known as “tung flower”, which means “winter flower”.
  • Camelias are native to eastern and southern Asia, from the Himalayas to Japan.
  • There are over 3,000 varieties of camellia, with Camellia japonica being the most popular.

Frequently Asked Questions about Camellias 

What does a camellia symbolize?

A camellia can symbolize a number of things, such as love, joy, and good luck. But one of the most common interpretations is that it symbolizes appreciation. When someone sends you a camellia, it means they appreciate you for who you are.

Where is the best place to plant camellias?

Camellias grow well in Partial Shade to Full Sun. They prefer moist but well-drained soil. If you are planting them in the ground, amend the soil with compost or peat moss before planting. Camellias like acid soil, so you may want to add some aluminium sulphate to the planting hole if your soil is alkaline. When selecting a location for your camellias, be sure to choose a spot where they will get plenty of indirect light. North-facing locations are ideal, but east or west-facing spots will work as well. Camellias do not like hot, direct sunlight and can scorch easily, so be sure to provide some shade during the hottest part of the

What is special about camellia?

The Camellia sinensis plant is used to make black, green, and white tea. All tea comes from the same plant, but the different colours are made by using different parts of the leaves and by fermenting them for different lengths of time. Black tea is fermented for the longest time and has the strongest flavour. Green tea is not fermented at all and has a milder flavour. White tea is the most lightly processed and has a very delicate flavour. Sinensis contains polyphenols, which are antioxidants that help protect against cell damage. It also contains caffeine, which is a stimulant that helps improve mental alertness and energy levels. Polyphenols and caffeine are two of the reasons

Are camellias easy to grow?

Camellias are easy to grow, but they do require some care. Camellias prefer moist, well-drained soil and partial shade. They can be grown in containers or in the ground. Mulching is recommended to keep the soil moist and help protect the roots from cold weather. Fertilize camellias in the early spring with a slow-release fertilizer. Prune camellias after the blooms have faded to encourage new blooms.

What do camellias smell like?

Camellias smell like jasmine, but with a more peppery note.
Camellias are members of the tea family, and their flowers are used to make both black and green tea. They are native to eastern and southern Asia, where they have been grown for centuries. The leaves and flowers of the camellia plant are used to make tea, and the oil from the seeds is used in cosmetics. The flowers of the camellia plant have a sweet fragrance that is reminiscent of jasmine. However, there is also a spicy note that reminds some people of black pepper. The fragrance of camellias varies depending on the type of flower. Some varieties have a light floral aroma, while

What month do camellias flower?

Most camellias in the northern hemisphere will flower between November and March. However, there are some varieties that flower outside of this range. For example, Camellia japonica ‘Yuletide’ flowers in December and January, while Camellia sasanqua ‘January Bride’ flowers from December through to February.

How big do camellias get?

They can grow up to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. The leaves are dark green and evergreen, and the flowers are white, pink, or red. It prefers moist, acidic soil and partial shade. They can be grown in USDA zones 7-9.

Is camellia poisonous to humans?

Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, is not poisonous to humans. However, parts of other camellia species can be poisonous if ingested. For example, the leaves and seeds of Camellia japonica are poisonous.

Do camellias do well in pots?

Yes, camellias do well in pots. In fact, they often perform better in pots because the soil can be kept moister and the roots can be more easily monitored. Camellias like a rich, moist soil that is high in organic matter.

Do camellias have invasive roots?

Camellias don’t have invasive roots, but they do have very long and deep roots that can cause problems if the camellia is planted too close to a structure or septic tank. The best way to avoid this problem is to plant the camellia in an area where it has plenty of room to grow.
Camellias like acidic soil, so you can add some compost or peat moss to the planting hole to help adjust the pH level if needed. You should also water regularly during the first year after planting, especially if there hasn’t been much rain. Once the plant becomes well established, it should be drought tolerant.

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