Daffodils Flower: The Breathtaking Flower

by Australian Flowers

Daffodils flower is one of the most popular flowers in the world. They are synonymous with springtime and are often associated with happiness and new beginnings.

If you’re thinking of planting daffodils, there are a few things you should know about how to grow and care for them.

Daffodils Flower

Daffodils Flower

The Daffodils flower is one of the most popular spring flowers. They are also known as Narcissus and are part of the Amaryllidaceae family. There are 40 species, but the most common is Narcissus pseudonarcissus or Poet’s daffodil. Daffodils flower are native to Europe and North Africa and have been cultivated since the 16th century.

Common Name

The common name for the daffodils flower is Narcissus pseudonarcissus which is part of the Amaryllidaceae family. The daffodil is also known as the jonquil or paperwhite.

Types of Daffodil

There are many different types of daffodils, each with a unique appearance. The most common type of daffodils are:

Division 1, Trumpet

The Trumpet daffodil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus, is the most widely planted in the world. It is also known as the Pheasant’s Eye daffodil. The Trumpet daffodil blooms in late winter or early spring. Six petals surround the trumpet-shaped flower. The Trumpet daffodils flower is a native of the Iberian Peninsula and was introduced to the UK in the 16th century. The flower should be planted in the fall, 6-8 weeks before the first frost. The bulbs should be planted 4-6 inches deep and 12 inches apart. Trumpet daffodils will naturalize and spread over time.

Division 2, Large-cupped

The large-cupped daffodil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus ‘Maximus Cupped’, is a yellow daffodil that blooms mid-spring. The large cup on this daffodil is fringed with white and can reach up to 6 inches.

This daffodils flower is a good choice for naturalizing, as it will spread and multiply over time. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.

Division 3, Small-cupped

A small-cupped daffodils flower is a daffodil that has a small cup in proportion to its petals. The small-cupped daffodils are subdivided into four groups based on the shape of their cups.

Small-cupped daffodils are generally easy to grow and care for. They prefer well-drained, sandy soil and full sun. They should be planted in the fall, at least six weeks before the first frost.

Division 4, Double

Double Daffodils

The double daffodil is a flower that has multiple layers of petals. They are trumpet-shaped and come in various colours, including white, yellow, pink, and orange. The double daffodil is also known as the Narcissus pseudonarcissus.

Division 5, Trivandrum

Trivandrum type of daffodils flower is very fragrant. The daffodils flower has a wide range of colours, including white, yellow, pink, and orange. The daffodil plants are also lovely with their long, slender leaves.

The daffodils flowers in this division tend to be small and delicate looking. They are perfect for growing in pots or the garden in dappled shade. They also make excellent cut flowers.

Division 6, Cyclamineus

Cyclamineus daffodils are characterized by their small size and unusual, swept-back petals that give them a spidery appearance. The most popular cyclamineus daffodil is ‘Jetfire’, which has bright red petals with yellow centres.

Cyclamineus daffodils are typically early bloomers, and their flowers often last longer than other daffodil types. They naturalize easily and make good-cut flowers.

Division 7, Jonquilla

The Jonquilla daffodils are a type of daffodil characterized by its small cup and multiple blooms per stem. This variety of daffodils is native to Spain and Portugal but can now be found in many other parts of the world.

The most notable feature of the Jonquilla daffodil is its small cup. The cup is usually only about 1-2 inches wide. This daffodil typically has multiple blooms per stem, another critical distinguishing feature. The Jonquilla daffodil is also characterized by its strong fragrance.

Division 8, Tazetta

The Tazetta type of daffodil features multiple blooms on each stem and a sweet fragrance. They are some of the most popular daffodils and are easy to grow.

The most notable feature of this type is its multiple blooms. Each stem of a Tazetta daffodil will have several little flowers rather than just one large one. This gives the plants a fuller, more luxurious look. These daffodils are also very fragrant. Their sweet and pleasant scent makes them a popular choice for cut flowers.

Division 9, Poeticus

The Poeticus type of daffodil is the oldest daffodil type, having been mentioned in poetry and art since the time of Aristotle. They have large flowers, often with a single whorl of petals and a cup or corona that is open at the edges and reflexed back. The most well-known variety is ‘Pheasant’s Eye’.

Division 10,Bulbocodium

Bulbocodium Daffodils

The daffodil Bulbocodium, also known as the hoop petticoat daffodil, is a miniature daffodil native to the Iberian Peninsula. This daffodil has long been cultivated and is now found in many parts of Europe and North America. The Bulbocodium daffodil is a miniature daffodil with a cup-shaped bloom that is slightly recurved. 

Division 11, Split-cupped

The split cupped daffodil is a daffodil that has a cup that is split into two parts. This daffodil is also known as the ‘Trumpet daffodil’ because of its shape. The trumpet daffodil is very popular and is often used in gardens and landscaping.

Division 12, Miscellaneous

The Miscellaneous daffodil is a daffodil that does not fit into any of the other divisions. This can be because they are a natural hybrid or have been bred to have characteristics that make them unique.

Example of daffodils in various divisions:

  • ‘Bridal Crown’
  •  ‘Cheerfulness’
  • ‘Crown of Gold’
  • ‘Fragrant Rose’
  • ‘Ice Follies’
  • ‘Mount Hood’
  • ‘Peachy Keen’
  • ‘Pink Surprise’
  • ‘Rip Van Winkle’

Division 13, Species, Wild Variants, And Wild Hybrids

The daffodils flower in this division is more like those we see in the wild. They have a small cup, usually less than an inch wide, and a short trumpet. The petals are often reflected or bent back. These daffodils naturalize easily and make good choices for growing in woods and other informal plantings.


Daffodils are one of the most popular spring flowers and one of the easiest to grow. You can enjoy these beautiful blossoms for years with just a little care. Here are a few tips on how to care for daffodils flower:


Light is most important during the bulb’s vegetative growth stage in late summer and early fall. During this time, the daffodils flowers need 14 to 16 hours of sunlight daily. If daffodils don’t get enough light, they will not bloom well.


Daffodils are not fussy when it comes to soil, but they do prefer well-drained conditions. They will also tolerate a wide range of pH levels, from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline. If your soil is particularly heavy or clay-like, you can improve drainage by mixing in organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure.


Water should be supplied regularly, especially during the growth period. The daffodil bulbs are large and require a lot of moisture to stay hydrated. When watering daffodils flower, ensure to water at the base of the plant and not on the leaves. This will help prevent fungal diseases from forming on the daffodil plant.

Temperature And Humidity

The Daffodils flower prefers a cool climate and will not tolerate heat well. They need a minimum temperature of 7 degrees Celsius to survive and will go dormant if the temperature exceeds 30 degrees for an extended period.

Daffodils flowers also require high humidity, which can be achieved by planting them in moist soil or misting them regularly. If the air is too dry, the daffodils will wilt, and the flowers will not open properly.


The Daffodils flower will benefit from a monthly feeding of a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10. Apply the fertilizer around the base of the plant, making sure not to get any on the leaves or flowers. Too much fertilizer can burn daffodil bulbs, so be careful not to overdo it.


Daffodils should be pruned after they have flowered and the leaves have died. This is typically in late spring or early summer. To prune for daffodils flower, cut the flower stem down to the ground with a sharp knife or gardening shears. Be sure to disinfect your tools before and after use to avoid spreading diseases.

After a few years, daffodil clumps will become crowded and less vibrant. To rejuvenate them, dig up the entire clump and divide it into smaller sections. Replant the divisions immediately. This can be done every 3-4 years as needed.


The propagation method for daffodils flowers is by division. This is best done after the daffodil has flowered and the leaves have died back. The daffodil will form offsets, or small bulbs, around the main bulb. These can be carefully dug up and replanted.

  • To propagate by division, start by gently lifting the daffodil plant from the ground.
  • Next, using a sharp knife, cut through the centre of the daffodil bulb. Once divided, replant each section in its pot filled with fresh daffodil bulbs and soil mix.
  • Be sure to plant the daffodils flowers at the same depth they were originally growing.
  • Water well and keep the soil moist until new growth appears.

Where To Plant

They are confused about where to plant daffodils flower. You’re not alone. Many gardeners have trouble finding the right spot for these spring-flowering bulbs. Here are some tips.

Front Yards or Entryways

Daffodils in front yards or Entryways are a great way to add curb appeal and welcome guests to your home. Plant daffodils flowers in clusters of 3-5 for the best impact. For a natural look, try planting daffodils in drifts or large groups. Consider adding daffodils flowers to your front yard or entryway if you want:

  • to add colour and interest to your yard
  • to attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators
  • to create a natural-looking landscape

Perennial Gardens

Perennial Gardens for daffodils are one of the best ways to enjoy these beautiful flowers. They are easy to grow and care for, and they will bloom yearly with minimal effort on your part. The key to daffodils’ success is planting them in a sunny location with well-drained soil. They will also need to be watered regularly during the growing season.

Containers and Window Boxes

You can also plant daffodils flowers in containers and window boxes. Almost any type of container will do, as long as it has drainage holes. Be sure to use a light potting mix formulated for bulbs, corms, and tubers.

To plant daffodils flowers in a container:

  • Start filling the bottom third of the pot with the bulb-corm-tuber mix.
  • Add daffodil bulbs so that the pointed ends are facing up
  • Cover the daffodils flowers with more potting mix, leaving about an inch of space at the top of the pot—water well and place in a sunny spot.

Cut Flower Gardens

Daffodils for cut flower gardens can be started from bulbs, corms, or seeds. Creating daffodils flowers from bulbs is the easiest way to get a jump start on your daffodil garden. Corms can also be planted, but they will take a year or two to establish themselves. Daffodil seeds can be sown in the fall for spring blooming, but they will likely not bloom for 2-3 years.


You can also naturalize where to plant daffodils, and daffodils flower bulbs, how to care for daffodils, and more. Daffodils will naturalize or multiply in grassy areas if given some primary care. The best time to plant daffodils for naturalizing is in the fall. You can also buy daffodil bulbs that have already been forced or treated so they will bloom indoors.

When naturalizing daffodils flower, plant the bulbs in clusters of at least five. Plant at least 25 daffodil bulbs per square foot if you want a massed effect. Space the daffodil bulbs about 3 inches apart.

How To Plant

To plant daffodils flowers:

  • Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil.
  • Dig a hole twice as wide as the daffodil bulb and plant the bulb with the pointy end.
  • Cover the bulb with soil, and water it well.

Be sure to plant daffodils flowers after the last frost in your area, and they will bloom in the spring.

When To Plant

Spring is the best time to plant daffodils. This is when the bulbs are available, and the weather is cool enough for them to establish well.

Daffodils will do well in almost any sunny location with good drainage. They will even tolerate partial shade but won’t bloom as profusely.

Depth and Spacing

When planting daffodils, it is essential to plant them at the correct depth and spacing. The depth should be about two to three times the bulb’s height, and the spacing should be about six inches apart. If you are planting in groups, you can space them closer together. To ensure that your daffodils have the best chance of blooming, it is essential to plant them in an area that gets full sun.

Planting Tips

When planting daffodils flowers, choosing a location that receives full sun to partial shade is essential. The soil should be well-drained and fertilized before planting. Bulbs should be planted in the fall, at least six weeks before the first frost. The planting depth should be three times the height of the bulb. After planting, water the bulbs well and mulch heavily.

How To Grow

Growing daffodils flower is easy and can be done in a few simple steps.

From Seed

Daffodil bulbs can be expensive. An alternative is to grow daffodils from seed. It will take a few years for the daffodils to mature and bloom when grown from seed, but it is a much cheaper option.

Here are some tips on how to grow daffodils flower from seeds:

  • Start daffodil seeds indoors in late winter or early spring.
  • Sow the daffodil seeds on the surface of a potting or seed-starting mix. Do not plant the seeds too deeply.
  • Water the potting or seed-starting mix well so it is moist but not soggy.
  • Place the pot in a warm location until the daffodil seeds germinate. This can take anywhere from two to eight weeks.
  • Once the daffodil seeds have germinated, move the pot to a sunny location.
  • When the daffodil seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots.
  • Plant the daffodil bulbs outdoors in the fall. Choose a location that receives full sun and has well-drained soil.
  • Dig holes that are twice as deep as the daffodil bulbs.
  • Plant the daffodil bulbs with the pointed end up and water the well.
  • Apply a layer of mulch over the planting area to help protect the daffodil bulbs during winter.

Potting And Repotting

Daffodil potting and repotting are best done in the fall after the daffodils have flowered and begun to die back. The daffodils need a well-drained potting mix and a big pot to accommodate their root system.

To pot daffodils flower:

  • Begin by adding a gravel layer to the pot’s bottom for drainage.
  • Next, add a layer of daffodil potting mix or a general-purpose potting mix with extra perlite added for drainage.
  • Gently remove daffodils from their current pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
  • Place daffodils in the new pot, making sure that the bulb sits just above the level of the potting mix.
  • Add more potting mix around the daffodil bulbs, tamping it gently to secure them in place.
  • Water daffodils well, and then allow the pot to drain completely.
  • Place daffodils in an excellent, sunny location.

To repot:

  • Gently remove daffodils from their current pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
  • Inspect the daffodil bulbs and seeds, and trim away any that are damaged or diseased.
  • Place daffodils in a new pot, making sure that the bulb sits just above the level of the potting mix.
  • Add more potting mix around the daffodil bulbs, tamping it gently to secure them in place.
  • Water daffodils well, and then allow the pot to drain completely.
  • Place daffodils in an excellent, sunny location.

Common Pests And Plant Diseases

Daffodils are relatively hardy flowers and don’t require much care, but they can be susceptible to pests and diseases. Here are some of the most common problems you might encounter:

Narcissus Flies

Narcissus flies are tiny, dark-coloured gnats. The larvae of these insects feed on the daffodil bulbs, which can cause the daffodils to rot. Narcissus flies are a problem for daffodil growers because they can quickly destroy a daffodil bulb crop.

Bulb Mites

Bulb mites are tiny (1/50 inch), reddish-brown spider-like pests that are barely visible to the naked eye. They attack daffodil bulbs while still in the ground and can cause the bulb to rot. Bulb mites also spread viruses.


Nematodes are the common name for a long, thin, worm-like creature found in soil. Some nematodes are beneficial to plants, while others can cause damage.

Daffodils are susceptible to damage from several nematodes, including the daffodil bulb nematode and the daffodil root-knot nematode. These pests can cause the daffodil bulbs to rot, preventing the plant from growing.

How To Get Daffodils To Bloom

To get your daffodils to bloom, you will need to plant them in well-drained soil in an area that gets full sun. You will also need to water them regularly and fertilize them once a month. Once the daffodils bloom, you can deadhead the flowers to encourage more blooms.

Common Problem With Daffodil

Daffodils are susceptible to several problems, including viruses, fungal diseases, and pests. These problems can cause the daffodil to lose its leaves, flowers, and even its bulb.

Common daffodil problems include:

  • Virus: Daffodils can be affected by several viruses, including the daffodil mosaic virus, which is the most common. This virus is spread by aphids and causes the daffodil leaves to develop yellow or white mottling. The daffodil bulb may also rot.
  • Fungal diseases: Fungal diseases, such as grey mould and bulb rot, can cause the daffodil leaves and flowers to turn brown and die. The daffodil bulb may also rot.
  • Posts: Daffodils are susceptible to aphids, thrips, and mites. These pests can cause the daffodil leaves to turn yellow or brown and the flowers to drop off. The daffodil bulb may also be affected.

Frequently Asked Questions about this Breathtaking Flower

What is special about daffodils?

Daffodils are special because they are one of the first flowers to bloom in the spring. They are also unique in that their petals curl backwards instead of forwards like most other flowers.

How long do daffodils take to grow?

Depending on the climate, it can take about six to eight weeks for daffodils to grow from planting to flowers. In colder areas, they may need a little more time; in warmer areas, they may bloom a little sooner.
If you’re growing daffodils from bulbs, you’ll want to plant them in the fall so they have time to establish their roots before winter. If you’re growing them from seed, you can sow them indoors in late winter or outdoors in early spring.

What is the difference between daffodils and narcissus?

The difference between a daffodil and a narcissus is that a daffodil has one pistil (the organ in the plant that receives the pollen), while a narcissus typically has three.
The word “narcissus” actually comes from the Greek myth of Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection in a pool of water and was subsequently turned into the flower that now bears his name. So both daffodils and narcissi are types of narcissus flowers, but technically there is a small distinction between them.

How many kinds of daffodils are there?

There are about 14-16 species of daffodils, but many more hybrids have been created. The most popular type of daffodil is the trumpet daffodil, which has a bell-shaped flower. Other types include the jonquil (a smaller daffodil with a lemon scent), the tazetta (a pompon-type flower), and the lily-like ranunculinum.

Where do daffodils grow best?

Daffodils grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They prefer a sunny location but can tolerate some shade. The bulbs should be planted 2 to 3 inches deep and 6 to 8 inches apart. You can plant them closer together if you want to create a mass planting.

How many times do daffodils bloom?

Daffodils typically bloom twice a year, once in the spring and again in the fall. However, some varieties may bloom more or less frequently than that.

Are daffodils poisonous?

Daffodils are not poisonous, but they can make you sick if you eat them. Daffodils contain a small number of toxic substances called alkaloids. If you eat a lot of daffodils, the toxins can make you sick. Symptoms of daffodil poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. If you experience any of these symptoms after eating daffodils, seek medical help right away.

How fast do daffodils multiply?

Daffodils multiply fairly quickly, typically spreading by bulb division every 2-3 years. So if you plant a few bulbs and take care of them, you’ll likely have more daffodils in no time!

What animal eats daffodils?

Some animals that eat daffodils are mice, voles, chipmunks, and deer. The bulbs of the daffodil are a food source for them during the winter months.

Do daffodil bulbs rot?

Yes, daffodil bulbs rot. After the flowers have faded and the petals have fallen off, the stamens inside the bulb will turn into black mush. This is caused by a fungus that grows in the wet weather conditions typical of late winter and early spring.

You may also like

Australian Flowers is the number one place to learn about flowers, whether you’re interested in botanical gardens, planting at home or just learning about the amazing wildlife we have in Australia


Join our newsletter if you’d like to get automatically notified when we post new content on the site. We’d love to let you know!

Copyright © 2022 Australian Flowers. All Rights Reserved.