Native Trees: A Comprehensive Guides

by Australian Flowers

There are a huge variety of Australian native trees, and they come in all shapes and sizes. This guide will look at some of the most popular Australian native trees, including their benefits, uses and features.

We’ll also provide tips on caring for Australian native trees, so you can keep them looking their best.

Native Trees In Australia 

It originated from the Gondwana supercontinent and is rich in tree species with unique characteristics. Most of them are evergreen trees that can live for hundreds or even thousands of years.

If you ever wonder what the oldest living things on Earth are, the answer is Australian native trees. The Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) from California’s White Mountains is considered the oldest, at around 5,000 years old.

Gum tree (Eucalyptus) Native Trees: Gum tree (Eucalyptus)

There are over 700 different species of gum trees, which are native to Australia and Tasmania. Gum trees are an integral part of the Australian landscape and have been used for centuries by Aboriginal Australians for their medicinal properties.

Gum trees are a fast-growing tree species and can reach heights of up to 100 metres. The leaves of gum trees are characteristically long and narrow, and the bark is often thick and cork-like. The flowers of gum trees are usually white, or cream in colour and are borne in clusters.

Banksia (Banksia)

Banksias range in size from prostrate woody shrubs to trees up to 30 metres tall. They are found in nearly all habitats, although they are mostly absent from alpine areas and the driest deserts. They occur in a wide range of soils but are most commonly found in sandy heaths or Sites.

Most banksias are pollinated by birds, which are attracted to the flowers by their nectar. Small mammals and insects also visit the flowers of some species. A few species have serotinous (sticky) cones, which provide a food source for native animals such as the endangered pygmy Possum.

Bottlebrush (Callistemon)

Bottlebrush (Callistemon), commonly known as bottlebrush, is a genus of 36 species of shrubs in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. They are native to Australia and adjacent islands. Callistemon species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the Turnip Moth.

The generic name Callistemon was given by Robert Brown in 1814, derived from the Greek words kallos and stemon referring to the beauty of the flowers of some species. The common name bottlebrush comes from their inflorescences’ cylindrical, brush-like shape.

Wattle (Acacia)

Wattle (Acacia) is well known for being Australia’s floral emblem, and with over 1,000 species, it is easy to see why. These beautiful native trees are found all over the country and come in various shapes and sizes.

Wattles are an essential food source for many native animals and are used by humans for everything from construction materials to medicines. It creates a lovely, dappled shade, and its flowers attract nectar-loving birds. It’s also an excellent tree for erosion control, making it perfect for those tricky slopes.

Waratah (Telopea)

Waratah (Telopea) is an excellent source of nectar and a beautiful Australian native plant. A shrub or small tree can grow to about 10 metres tall. The Waratah has large, dark green leaves and stunning red flowers that bloom in springtime.

The Waratah is an important food source for birds and animals, and its nectar is also popular with humans. Waratahs are found in forests and woodlands all over Australia. Telopea symbolizes beauty, courage and strength. It is also the official floral emblem of New South Wales.

Spider flower (Grevilleas)  Spider flower (Grevilleas) 

Spider flowers (Grevilleas) have a lot of Australian native tree species that are well known for their spectacular flowers. They are found in all states of Australia except Tasmania.

The leaves are usually divided into three lobes, and the flowers have four petals. The spider flower gets its name from the way the stamens (the male reproductive organs) protrude from the flower, looking like a spider. Most spider flowers are red but can also be orange, yellow or white.

Native bluebell (Wahlenbergia stricta)

Native bluebell (Wahlenbergia stricta) forms dense mats of small, oval leaves and produces striking blue, bell-shaped flowers in summer. It is a popular plant for rockeries, banks and as a groundcover in native gardens.

This plant causes minor environmental Weeds in South Australia. You can buy native bluebells from your local nursery.

Everlasting daisy (Xerochrysum)

The everlasting daisy (Xerochrysum) is the most popular Australian native plant. It is a member of the daisy family and is found in all states of Australia. The plant has bright yellow flowers and green leaves. It grows to a height of about 1 metre and blooms from spring to autumn.

It can survive in various climates and soil types but prefers well-drained sandy soils. It is drought tolerant and can tolerate frost. It is a popular plant for gardeners as it requires little maintenance.


The baobab is a unique and unusual tree that is native to Australia. It has a thick trunk and large branches that make it look like it belongs in the jungle but is quite drought-tolerant. The tree can grow over 30 metres tall, and its leaves are used to make tea, which is said to have many health benefits.

The baobab tree is an important food source for many animals in the Australian bush, and its fruit is also edible for humans. Did you know? The baobab tree is also known as the ‘tree of life because it can store up to 30,000 litres of water in its trunk!


Boronia has many different species which are native to other parts of Australia. The most common Boronia is the Brown Boronia. However, there are also pink and white floral varieties. All Boronias are thorny, drought-tolerant shrubs with a beautiful scent that intensifies in the evening.

Boronias make excellent garden plants as they are low maintenance and can tolerate various soil and climatic conditions. They are also beautiful plants attracting birds and other wildlife to the garden.



Casuarina is common in Australia and can be found in many coastal areas. It’s an evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall. The tree has thin, needle-like leaves and produces small, brownish flowers.

Casuarina is a popular choice for landscaping because it’s easy to care for and drought-tolerant. This can be an exciting tree in your garden as it’s a unique appearance. Casuarina is also a good choice for providing shade and windbreaks.

Australian Conifers

Australian conifers attract attention with their lush, evergreen foliage and towering stature. But there’s more to these Australian native trees than just good looks- they play an essential role in the environment.

Conifers are a type of tree that have needles instead of leaves. They are found worldwide, but Australian conifers are some of the most unique. There are more than 60 different species of Australian conifers, and they come in all shapes and sizes.


Grevillea is an important Australian genus of about 360 species of flowering plants in the family Proteaceae. All are endemic to Australia and its offshore islands, with the most incredible diversity in Western Australia. They are shrubs, trees or lianas and have simple or compound leaves.

The flowers are usually borne in terminal racemes or panicles and have no petals, but numerous small red, yellow or white petals. Many species of Grevillea have holly-like foliage and are commonly known as “honeysuckle”.


Melaleuca can be used for many things, including as a windbreak, in revegetation projects and as an ornamental tree. They are hardy species that can cope with various soil and climatic conditions.

This tree usually grows to around 10 metres and has a life span of approximately 20 years. It can be found in various habitats, including woodlands, heaths and swamps.

For Your Information: Growing Australian Native Trees

Growing Australian native trees are an essential part of the local ecosystem. They provide food and shelter for native animals, and their roots help to stabilize the soil.

They also play a role in the water cycle, capturing rainfall and releasing it into the atmosphere. So here are some informative and fun facts about Australian native trees! 


Here are some tips you can apply:

  • Choose the right tree for your location.
  • Make sure you have enough space for the tree to grow.
  • Prepare the soil before planting.
  • Water regularly and fertilize monthly during the first year.
  • Prune annually to encourage new growth.


Australia has four main soil types: sandy, loamy, clayey and peaty. Australian native trees have evolved to thrive in all these soil types and play an essential role in binding the soil together and preventing erosion.

The difference between those soils is determined by the size, shape and distribution of the particles that make them up. Sandy soils are large, coarse particles that don’t hold together well and drain quickly. Loamy soils have a mix of large and small particles, which gives them good drainage and aeration. Clayey soils have small, fine particles that bind together tightly, making them poor drains. Peaty soils are decaying organic matter and have shallow drainage.

Planting Times

Although Australian native trees can be planted any time of year, the best results will be achieved if produced during the cooler months. This is because the roots will have time to establish themselves before the hot summer weather arrives.

The ideal planting time for Australian native trees is between late winter and early spring. Some Australian native trees, such as eucalypts and acacias, are more tolerant of hot weather and can be planted during summer. However, avoiding the hottest days of the year is still best.

Precautions Against Frost Damage

Australian native trees are susceptible to frost damage when they are young. You can do a few things to protect your young trees from frost damage.

Water them well before the first frost is expected. Wrap them in horticultural fleece or hessian fabric. Please make sure they are in a sheltered spot. If you have already experienced frost damage to your trees, don’t despair. Australian native trees are resilient and usually recover from frost damage with no long-term effects.


Australian native trees are also significant. Australian native trees are known for their rapid growth rates. If you don’t prune them regularly, they can become overgrown and unmanageable.

Australian native trees are also susceptible to fungal diseases. The most common of these is the black root rot fungus. This fungus attacks the roots of native Australian trees and can kill them. If you think your tree may be infected with this fungus, you should contact a professional arborist or tree surgeon.

Plant Propagation

There are two main ways to propagate Australian native trees from seed: sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction.

  • Sexual reproduction is producing offspring by the union of male and female gametes. In contrast, asexual reproduction is the process of producing offspring without the cooperation of male and female gametes. While asexual reproduction can be done via various means, including vegetative propagation (i.e. taking cuttings from an existing

Other Tips

If you think you might have a problem with scale, sooty mould or other pests, try spraying your native Australian tree with a mixture of water and dishwashing liquid. This will help to remove any build-up of these unwanted critters.

When it comes to Australian native trees, there are a few things you should keep in mind to ensure their long-term health. First, Australian native trees are very resilient and can withstand a fair amount of abuse. However, they will not tolerate being waterlogged or having their roots constantly wet. Please make sure you plant them in an area with well-draining soil that is not prone to flooding.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Native Trees

What are some trees that are native to Australia?

Several trees are native to Australia, including the following:
Eucalyptus: There are over 700 species of eucalyptus trees, and they are found in every state and territory in Australia. They range in size from small shrubs to tall trees and can be found in various habitats, from rainforests to deserts. Eucalyptus trees have fragrant flowers and produce nutritious nectar that honey bees enjoy. The oil from the leaves is used in aromatherapy and as a natural insect repellent.
The paperbark tree – This tree is found throughout Australia and has papery bark that peels away to reveal

What is the fastest-growing native Australian tree?

There are a few contenders for the title of the fastest-growing Australian tree, but the accolade is usually given to the Acacia dealbata, also known as the silver wattle. This hardy tree can grow up to 2 metres per year in good conditions, and it’s often used in landscaping because of its fast growth rate and attractive appearance.
Other contenders for the title of fastest-growing Australian tree include Eucalyptus globulus (the Tasmanian blue gum) and Corymbia citriodora (the lemon-scented gum). These trees can grow up to 1.5 metres annually, making them ideal candidates for quick screening or windbreaks.

What Australian Native Rainforest trees should I grow in the garden?

Many Australian native rainforest trees would thrive in a garden environment. Some of the most popular include the black bean, the coachwood, and the silky oak.
Each of these trees has specific characteristics that make them well-suited to life in a garden. For example, the black bean is a fast-growing tree tolerant of various soil conditions, while the coachwood features beautiful feathery leaves and fragrant flowers. The silky oak is perhaps best known for its striking canopy of glossy green leaves.
If you’re looking to add some Australian native rainforest trees to your garden, do your research first to find out which species would best suit your needs.

What types of trees are native to Australia?

Australian trees come in various shapes and sizes, from tall, slender eucalypts to short, squatty wattles. Some common species include the river red gum, the Sydney blue gum, the blackbutt, and the silver wattle.
Many trees native to Australia have evolved to cope with the harsh conditions of the Australian climate. The eucalypts, for example, are well adapted to survive in dry and hot areas one day and wet and cold the next. Many Australian trees also have tough leaves resistant to drought and pests.

Are blood and bone good for Australian native plants?

It can be suitable for native Australian plants, but it depends on the plant. Blood and bone are high in phosphorus and nitrogen, two macronutrients essential for plant growth. However, not all plants require the same level of nutrients, so it’s necessary to read the label to see if the particular blood and the bone product you’re using contains the correct ratio of nutrients for your plants.
In addition, too much phosphorus can harm plants, so it’s important to use blood and bone in moderation. Excess phosphorus can cause several problems, such as algae blooms, water pollution, and even death in some cases. So always read the label and follow the instructions carefully to avoid any negative impacts.

Which tree won Australia’s favourite tree?

The Wollemi pine (Wollemia Nobilis) is a tree native to the rainforests of New South Wales, Australia. It was thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1994. The Wollemi pine has since become one of Australia’s most famous trees, and it has even been nicknamed the “Wonder Tree”.
The Wollemi pine is a unique tree because it is the only living species in the genus Wollemia. It is a small tree that typically grows to a height of 10-15 metres and has a slender trunk and spindly branches. The leaves are small and dark green, and the bark is thick and greyish-brown.

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