Philodendron: The Large and Glowing Leaves

by Australian Flowers

Table of Contents

Different Philodendrons might be different in their varieties, but they have something in common they are easy to take care of. All you need is a little knowledge about the plant, and you are good to go.

Let’s find out the truth about these Philodendron varieties.

Key Features

The Key features of this plant are its large, glossy leaves which can be either green or variegated. It is a fast-growing climber that can reach up to 20 feet in length and does best in humid conditions.

Other features of this plant include its tolerance to low light levels and its ability to purify the air of harmful toxins.

Types of Philodendron 

Philodendron

There are many different types that you can choose from. Some of the most popular varieties include:

  • Heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron cordatum)
  • Swiss cheese plant (Philodendron Monstera deliciosa)
  • Bloodleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum)
  • Fiddle leaf philodendron (Philodendron panduriforme)

Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron Hederaceum)

The Heartleaf Philodendron is one of the most common varieties out there. It’s characterized by its heart-shaped leaves, usually dark green. This variety is straightforward to care for, making it an excellent choice for beginners.

  • To care for it, simply place it in a bright, indirect light spot. Water the plant when the soil begins to feel dry to the touch. Allow the plant to drain after watering. Fertilize your plant every month during the growing season.

Philodendron’ Lemon Lime’

Philodendron ‘Lemon Lime’ is a hybrid created by crossing Philodendron domesticum with Philodendron erubescens. The result is a beautiful plant with glossy, lime-green leaves. ‘Lemon Lime’ is an easy-to-care-for that will do well in most homes.

This plant symbolizes luxury and wealth. The glossy leaves of ‘Lemon Lime’ will surely add a touch of class to any room. Philodendron’ Lemon Lime’ is an easy-to-care-for plant that will do well in most homes.

Philodendron’ Imperial Green’

This is one of the most popular varieties. It has large, glossy, dark green leaves that make it a real showstopper in any home. ‘Imperial Green’ is easy to care for and makes an excellent houseplant for beginners.

This plant is famous for its ability to purify the air. It filters out harmful toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene, making it an excellent choice for homes with pets or smokers.

Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’

This variety is known for its orange and green leaves. It’s a climbing plant, so you’ll need to provide it with a support structure, like a trellis or stake. When it comes to watering, the ‘Prince of Orange’ likes to dry out between watering. Allow the top few inches of soil to become crumbly before watering again. You can fertilize this plant every other month during the growing season.

Choose a pot about 12 inches wide and 18 inches deep when planting. This will give the roots plenty of room to grow. The ‘Prince of Orange’ is also known to be resistant to pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance plant.

Philodendron ‘Brasil’

The Brasil philodendron is a hybrid plant that crossed two other varieties, the Philodendron hederaceum and the Philodendron erubescens. Its leaves are dark green and glossy, with white or yellow variegation splashes.

It was named ‘Brasil’ because it is native to Brazil. Brazil gives the perfect environment to grow with its humid climate and rich soil.

Philodendron ‘Burle Marx’

This popular variety is named after Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx. It’s known for its beautiful, large leaves variegated with white, yellow, and green. The ‘Burle Marx’ is a trailing plant, so it’s perfect for hanging baskets or placing them on shelves.

  • To care for your ‘Burle Marx’, place it in a bright, indirect light spot. Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry. Allow the soil to drain completely after watering. Fertilize monthly during the spring and summer with half-strength fertilizer.

Philodendron Xanadu (Thaumatophyllum Xanadu)

This popular variety is known for its large, glossy leaves. It is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 3 feet. The Xanadu philodendron does best in bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low light conditions. Keep the soil evenly moist and fertilize monthly during the growing season.

Thaumatophyllum Xanadu comes from the family Araceae and is native to Brazil. Botanist Eduard Friedrich Poeppig first described the plant in 1828.

Philodendron Brandtianum

This variety is also known as the red-leaf Philodendron. It is native to Columbia and Ecuador. The plant has stunning dark green leaves with red highlights. The Philodendron Brandtianum can grow up to 2 feet in length.

This plant symbolizes love and makes an excellent gift for anniversaries or Valentine’s Day. The Brandtianum is a low-maintenance plant that can tolerate many climates.

Philodendron ‘Moonlight’

This beautiful variety has golden-yellow leaves that are splashed with green. It’s a fast grower and can reach up to 3 feet in length. It does best in bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low-light conditions. Water when the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry.

One thing you need to be aware of with this variety is that it is poisonous if ingested. So, if you have small children or pets, keep this plant out of reach.

Philodendron pedatum

This climbing variety can reach lengths of up to 20 feet. The leaves are deeply divided and have a lacy appearance. The flowers are small and green, and they bloom in the summer.

  • To care for this plant, give it a trellis or other support to climb on. Place it in a bright spot but out of direct sunlight. Water regularly, allowing the soil to dry out somewhat between waterings. Fertilize monthly during the growing season.

Philodendron Micans

This variety is native to Central and South America. It is a climbing plant that can reach up to 10 feet. The leaves are green and have a velvety texture. The Micans is a low-maintenance plant that does not require much light or water.

Philodendron Bipennifolium

This is a rather tricky variety to keep, as it requires high humidity, bright indirect light, and warm temperatures. If you can provide these conditions, you’ll be rewarded with a beautiful plant that can grow up to 3 feet tall. The leaves are large and deeply lobed, and the stems are red. It is strangely difficult to find this plant for sale, so if you see it, snatch it up! It is because it is rather tricky to keep happy, and many people give up on it. 

Philodendron ‘Birkin’

This variety is named after actress Jane Birkin and is known for its beautiful, large leaves. The leaves of this plant are variegated with shades of green, yellow, and white. Philodendron Birkin is a low-maintenance plant that does well in indirect sunlight. Water this plant when the soil is dry to the touch.

The Birklin is a fast-growing variety that can reach up to 6 feet in length. This variety does well in indirect sunlight and should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch.

Philodendron Hastatum

This variety is also known as the silver sword philodendron. It’s a beautiful plant with silver-green leaves that have a hastate (arrowhead-shaped) form. They can grow up to 18 inches long and 6 inches wide.

Philodendron Hastatum is native to Brazil and can be found in the rainforests. It’s an epiphytic plant that grows on other plants or trees instead of in the ground. In its natural habitat, it would often be found growing on palm trees.

Philodendron ‘Florida Ghost’

This variety is known for its beautiful, variegated leaves. The ‘Florida Ghost’ thrives in bright, indirect light and humid conditions. Be sure to water this plant regularly, as it prefers to be on the moist side.

This plant is considered to be non-toxic to both humans and animals. NASA named it one of the “best houseplants for clean air”.

Philodendron ‘Green Congo’

This large variety has dark green, deeply-lobed leaves on red stems. It’s a fast grower and can reach up to 10 feet indoors. Congo tolerates lower light conditions but will do best in bright, indirect sunlight. Water when the top inch of soil is dry.

It was inspired by a trip to the Congo jungle by French botanist Eugène Marais in 1909. It is excellent for beginners as it’s easy to care for and can tolerate some neglect.

Philodendron ‘Thai Sunrise’

This tropical plant is native to Thailand and boasts beautiful variegated leaves. ‘Thai Sunrise’ prefers bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low light conditions. Allow the topsoil to dry out in between watering every 7-10 days. Fertilize monthly with a half-strength solution during the growing season.

Generally seen as a houseplant, ‘Thai Sunrise’ can reach up to 6 feet in height and 4 feet in width when grown outdoors. If you live in USDA hardiness zones 10-11, feel free to plant this tropical beauty in your garden!

Philodendron Black Cardinal

It is characterized by its deep black leaves, which are accented by bright red stems. The Black Cardinal is a fast-growing philodendron and can reach up to 2 feet in height.

  • To care for your Black Cardinal, provide it with bright, indirect light and water when the soil is dry to the touch. This Philodendron is not tolerant of cold temperatures, so keep it in a warm, humid environment.

Philodendron Mayoi

It is native to Colombia. This variety prefers bright, indirect light and should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch. This variety prefers bright, indirect light and should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch.

Philodendron Grazielae

The Philodendron Grazielae is a variety known for its beautiful, variegated leaves. This plant is native to Brazil and is named after the Brazilian botanist Graziela Machado. The variety is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 2 feet in height.

  • This plant is perfect for those looking for a splash of colour in their home, as the leaves are variegated with shades of green, yellow, and white. The plant is easy to care for and does well in bright indirect light. Water this plant when the soil is dry to the touch, and fertilize it monthly during the growing season.

Philodendron Melanochrysum 

Philodendron Melanochrysum 

This variety is native to Colombia. It is a beautiful plant with black leaves that have a metallic sheen. It requires little care and can tolerate low-light conditions. Water this plant when the soil is dry to the touch.

Philodendron Gloriosum

This is one of the most stunning varieties due to its large, heart-shaped leaves covered in pinkish-white speckles. It’s a climbing plant, so you’ll need to provide it with a support system to help it reach its full potential.

  • When it comes to caring, it is relatively easy to maintain. It prefers bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low-light conditions—water when the soil is dry to the touch and be sure to provide adequate drainage.

Philodendron ‘Bob Cee’

Bob Cee has an interesting vining habit and large, glossy leaves. The leaves are deeply lobed and have a rippled edge. This plant is easy to grow and can tolerate some neglect. It prefers bright, indirect light but can also accept low-light conditions—water when the soil is dry to the touch.

It creates a beautiful cascading effect when planted in a hanging basket or climbing a trellis or pole. Bob Cee was named after the late, great horticulturist Bob Christman.

Philodendron ‘Mamei’

This is a hybrid that was created by crossing Philodendron domesticum and Philodendron erubescens. This tropical plant is native to Colombia and Brazil. The Mamei has large, dark green leaves with red veins. It is used as both an indoor and outdoor plant. It can reach a height of 6-8 feet when grown indoors. Outdoors, this hybrid can grow up to 10-12 feet tall.

Philodendron ‘Martianum’

Philodendron Martianum is a variety that is native to South America. This plant is known for its unique leaves, divided into narrow lobes. The leaves are a glossy green colour and have a very distinctive shape. It can grow quite large, reaching up to 10 feet in height.

This plant does best in bright, indirect light and likes to be kept moist but not wet. When watering, avoid getting water on the leaves, as this can cause them to brown. This variety is a straightforward plant to care for and makes an excellent addition to any indoor space.

Philodendron ‘Lacerum’

This variety has long, lacerum-like leaves that give it a unique appearance. It’s a fast grower and can reach up to 3 feet in length. It thrives in moist soil and bright, indirect light. Water the plant when the top inch of the soil feels dry.

If you wish to grow as a climber, support it, such as a trellis or totem. Regular pruning will help to keep the plant in shape and promote new growth.

Philodendron ‘Painted Lady’

Philodendron Painted Lady

This hybrid is a cross between Philodendron erubescens and Philodendron hederaceum. It has beautiful, variegated leaves that are silvery-green with red streaks. The Painted Lady is a fast grower and can reach up to 3 feet in length.

How amazing is the Philodendron Painted Lady? The Painted Lady is a fast grower and can reach up to 3 feet in length. It has beautiful, variegated leaves that are silvery-green with red streaks. This hybrid Philodendron is a cross between Philodendron erubescens and Philodendron hederaceum.

Philodendron ‘Tripartitum’

This variety is native to Colombia. It gets its name from its three-lobed leaves. The leaves are dark green and have a glossy texture. Philodendron Tripartitum can grow up to 2 feet in length. This plant prefers indirect sunlight and moist soil. Water the plant when the soil is dry to the touch.

This plant is not tolerant of cold temperatures. If the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the leaves will turn brown and wilt. Tripartitum is also susceptible to mealybugs and spider mites. These pests can be controlled with regular applications of insecticidal soap.

Philodendron ‘Melanoneuron’

This variety is also known as the black knight. It is a climber with black stems and deep green leaves. The leaves are glossy and have a leathery texture. This plant does well in bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low-light conditions. Allow the soil to dry out between watering. The black Knight can grow up to 6 feet in length. It is a non-flowering plant.

Philodendron ‘Mexicanum’

This variety is native to Mexico and has long slender leaves. It prefers warm temperatures and humidity, so it’s a good choice for indoor growers in temperate climates. The Mexicanum is also known as the False Aralia philodendron.

  • To care for your Mexicanum, water it regularly and keep the soil moist but not soggy. It prefers bright, indirect sunlight but can also tolerate low light conditions. Keep an eye out for pests; if you see any, treat them immediately.

Philodendron ‘Bernardopazii’

This variety is native to Peru. It has large, glossy leaves that are variegated with white and green. The leaves can grow up to 18 inches long. This plant does best in bright, indirect light—water when the soil is dry to the touch. This is a fast growing plant and can quickly become too large for its pot. Repot every two to three years into one size larger pot.

Philodendron ‘Majesty’

This is one of the smaller varieties and is perfect for those who want to add a touch of greenery to their space without taking up too much room. The leaves of this plant are broad and deeply lobed, and it can reach up to 2 feet in height. ‘Majesty’ is easy to care for and does well in bright and low light conditions.

  • To care for this variety, water when the top inch of soil is dry. Fertilize monthly during the growing season, and reduce fertilization to once every two months in the winter.

Philodendron ‘Camposportoanum’

Philodendron Camposportoanum 

Philodendron Camposportoanum is a variety known for its ability to climb. It has glossy, dark green leaves that are shaped like hearts. This plant does best in bright, indirect light and must regularly be watered.

  • Stem cuttings can quickly propagate this variety. Simply take a cutting from an existing plant and place it in water. The cutting will root and can be transplanted into soil.

Philodendron Squamiferum

This plant has unusual, scaly leaves that stand out among other varieties. It’s a climbing plant, so provide a moss pole or trellis to grow on. Give it bright, indirect light and let the soil dry out between waterings. Fertilize every other month.

Squamiferum is an incredible philodendron variety that will add interest to your indoor jungle. With its unusual, scaly leaves, this plant is a conversation starter. It’s a climbing plant, so be sure to provide a moss pole or trellis to grow on. Squamiferum prefers bright, indirect light and well-drained soil. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, and fertilize every other month.

Philodendron ‘Verrucosum’

This variety is native to South America and is known for its uniquely textured leaves. This is a low-maintenance plant that does well in bright, indirect light. Water this plant when the soil is dry to the touch and fertilizes monthly during the growing season.

This plant symbolizes luxury and wealth, making it the perfect gift for someone who has achieved success. If you want to plant this Philodendron outdoors, be sure to do so in an area that receives partial sun.

Philodendron ‘Subhastatum’

This is a variety known for its beautiful yellow-green leaves and does well in medium to bright light and prefers to be kept on the drier side. When watering, allow the top few inches of soil to dry out before watering again. It is a fast-growing plant that needs to be repotted every 1-2 years.

This plant can be found in various colours, including green, yellow, and orange. The plant is excellent for beginners because it is easy to care for and tolerates neglect.

Philodendron ‘Plowmanii’

This is a variety known for its extensive, dark green leaves. This plant can grow up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. It does well in bright, indirect light but can also tolerate low-light conditions. Water this plant when the top inch of soil is dry.

This plant can be daring when it comes to busy areas in your home or office. Place the plant in a room with lots of foot traffic and watch it thrive!

Philodendron ‘Atabapoense’

Atabapoense is a variety that is native to the Amazon rainforest. This plant is known for its large, glossy leaves growing up to 3 feet in length. Atabapoense is a vigorous grower and can quickly fill out a space in your home. Atabapoense can be seen from Venezuela to Brazil, as one of the most popular cultivated varieties. You can use this plant as a ground cover or allow it to climb up support.

Philodendron ‘Billietiae’

Philodendron Billietiae

Philodendron Billietiae is a beautiful variety known for its stunning leaves. The leaves of this variety are large, heart-shaped, and have a deep green colour. This plant is easy to care for and makes an excellent addition to any indoor space.

It symbolizes life and growth. This plant is native to South America and is named after Belgian botanist Henriette Billiet.

Philodendron ‘Pastazanum’

This plant was first discovered by a farmer in Ecuador who found the plant growing in the wild. The Philodendron Pastazanum is a unique variety because it has deeply lobed leaves and a ruffled appearance. The leaves of this type are also a beautiful green with yellow spots.

Philodendron ‘Callosum’

Philodendron Callosum is the first Philodendron on the list. It originates from South America. The country of Brazil is where this was found in the wild. This type has large, dark green leaves that have a rippled or wavy texture.

‘Callosum’ refers to the plant’s thick, fleshy leaves. They must be regularly fertilized and watered to maintain their glossy appearance. It is a fast-growing plant and can reach up to 2 feet in height.

Philodendron ‘Ring of Fire’

This variety has stunning red leaves that will add a pop of colour to any space. The leaves are heart-shaped and can grow up to 12 inches long. It is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for—water when the top inch of soil is dry and placed in bright, indirect light.

This plant is a climber, so it will need something to support its vines. You can use a moss pole or trellis or train it up a nearby bookshelf or piece of furniture.

Philodendron ‘Tortum’

The Tortum is a variety known for its twisted leaves. This plant is native to Brazil and can grow up to 20 feet tall in the wild. The Tortum is a low-maintenance plant that does well in most indoor environments. It is the most unique among philodendrons in that they have very twisted leaves. The leaves of this plant are dark green and can grow up to 18 inches long. 

Philodendron ‘White Wizard’ and ‘White Knight’

Two of the most beautiful varieties are ‘White Wizard’ and ‘White Knight’. They have lacy white leaves that look like they’ve been dusted with sugar. These plants prefer bright, indirect light and should be allowed to dry out between watering. The white Wizard plant symbolizes good luck, purity, and new beginnings. It’s also known as the Snow Queen.

Philodendron ‘Pink Princess’ 

Philodendron 'Pink Princess' 

The Pink Princess is beautiful, and unique with pink and green leaves. It is a hybrid, created by crossing the Philodendron erubescens and the Philodendron hederaceum. The ‘Pink Princess’ is a fast-growing that can reach up to 3 feet in length. It is a climber, so it will need a support structure to grow on.

Philodendron ‘Jose Buono’

‘Jose Buono’ is a hybrid that is the result of crossing Philodendron erubescens and Philodendron Versicolor. It is fast-growing with large, dark green leaves. The leaves are speckled with yellow and have red veins. This can grow up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.

  • To care for ‘Jose Buono, place it in a location that receives indirect sunlight. Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry. Feed the plant monthly with a balanced fertilizer during the growing season. Allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. Stem cuttings can propagate this Philodendron.

Philodendron ‘Paraiso Verde’

This cultivar has bright. Chartreuse leaves with a deep purple back. It’s one of the more compact, only reaching about 2 feet in height. ‘Paraiso Verde’ is an excellent option for those who want a colourful but don’t have a lot of space.

  • To grow this plant, place it in a bright spot but out of direct sunlight. It prefers to be drier, so allow the top few inches of soil to dry out before watering again. ‘Paraiso Verde’ is not as tolerant of low temperatures as some other varieties, so keep it above 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

Philodendron ‘Sharoniae’

Sharoniae is a fast-growing, evergreen climber that is native to Brazil. It has glossy, deeply lobed leaves variegated with creamy white and green hues. This variety is straightforward to care for and can tolerate low-light conditions.

  • To care for your Sharoniae, water it when the top inch of soil is dry and fertilize monthly during the growing season. Place it in a bright spot out of direct sunlight.

Philodendron ‘Joepii’

Joepii is not ordinary; it’s a new species that was only discovered in 2015. This plant is from Costa Rica and Panama. The leaves are dark green with white veins. It can grow up to 20 feet tall!

  • Joepii is best to plant during the spring or summer. It prefers partial sunlight but can tolerate full sun. When watering, make sure the soil is moist but not soggy. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. Joepii doesn’t need a lot of fertilizer, so once a month should be sufficient.

Philodendron ‘Patriciae’

This variety has heart-shaped, dark green leaves with white streaks. It’s a climbing plant, so it’s perfect for hanging baskets or trellises. Patriciae is a low-maintenance plant that doesn’t require much care. Just keep the soil moist and provide bright, indirect light. Patriciae plant means “of or belonging to Patrick”. Patrick is the given name of the plant’s discoverer, Englishman Neil Patrick Stewart.

Philodendron Spiritus Sancti

Philodendron Spiritus Sancti

Philodendron Spiritus Sancti is a hybrid that was created by crossing Philodendron erubescens and Philodendron hederaceum. The result is a beautiful plant with reddish leaves. This variety does best in bright, indirect light and should be allowed to dry out between watering.

Is My Plant a Pothos or a Philodendron?

If you’re unsure whether you have a pothos or a philodendron, there are a few key ways to tell them apart. First, take a look at the shape of the leaves. Pothos leaves are typically more heart-shaped, while philodendron leaves are more oval-shaped. Additionally, philodendron leaves tend to be more glossy than pothos leaves.

If you’re still unsure, try touching your plant’s leaves. Pothos plants typically have fuzzy, velvety leaves, while philodendron plants have smooth leaves.

How to Care for a Philodendron

One of the most popular houseplants, they are easy to grow and care for. Their large, glossy leaves and vining habit make a dramatic statement in any indoor space. While there are various philodendron varieties, they all share similar care needs.

  • To care, start by planting it in well-draining soil. They like to stay moist, so water them regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering.
  • Fertilize them monthly during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer. These plants prefer bright, indirect light but will tolerate low-light conditions.

Light

Light is an essential factor in growth. They will grow best if they are provided with bright, indirect sunlight. However, they will also tolerate lower light levels and can even survive in complete darkness. If you are growing them indoors, place them near a window where they can receive plenty of bright, indirect light.

Soil

Soil is significant to consider when growing them. They do best in soil that is rich in organic matter and has good drainage. Be sure to choose a potting mix designed for tropical plants or add perlite or vermiculite to improve drainage.

Water

Water them when the topsoil feels dry to the touch. Use lukewarm water and try to avoid getting the leaves wet if possible. Overwatering can lead to problems such as root rot, so be sure to allow the plant to drain thoroughly after watering.

Temperature and Humidity

These plants enjoy warm temperatures and can tolerate some humidity. They prefer temperatures between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit. It enjoys high humidity levels. However, they can tolerate lower levels if necessary. If the air is too dry, the leaves will start to brown and curl.

Fertilizer

These plants are heavy feeders and will benefit from regular fertilizer applications. Use a balanced fertilizer formulated for houseplants, and apply it according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure to dilute the fertilizer to half-strength or less when applying it to philodendrons.

Pruning 

Pruning 

Pruning is an essential part of caring for them. Not only does it help to keep the plant looking its best, but it also helps to encourage new growth.

  • When pruning, be sure to use sharp, clean shears.
  • Sterilize the blades with rubbing alcohol before and after use to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Be sure to prune them before new growth begins in the spring or early summer.
  • To encourage bushy growth, cut the stem just above a leaf node (the point where a leaf is attached to the stem). New leaves will sprout from this point.

Propagating Philodendrons

These plants are easy to propagate from stem cuttings.

  • Cut a 4-6 inch piece of stem from the parent plant, including at least one leaf node.
  • Remove the lower leaves, and dip the cutting in the rooting hormone.
  • Stick the cutting in moist potting soil, and keep it warm and humid until new growth appears.

Propagating from seed is also relatively easy.

  • Sow the seeds in a moist potting mix, and keep them warm and humid until they germinate.
  • Once the seedlings are big enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots.

Growing Philodendron From Seed

Most varieties are quickly grown from seed.

  • Sow the seeds in a light potting mix and keep them moist until they germinate.
  • Once the seedlings appear, thin them out so that only the hardiest plants remain.

Potting and Repotting Philodendrons

These plants like to be potbound, so don’t be in a hurry to repot them. Only repot when the roots start to crowd the pot or when the plant starts to look top-heavy and unstable. Repotting should be done in the spring.

When you do repot:

  • Choose a pot that is only 1-2 inches larger than the current pot.
  • Use a well-draining potting mix, such as one made for African violets.

Overwintering

If you live in an area with cold winters, you’ll need to take special care of them during winter. Bring potted indoors before the first frost. Place them in a bright room but out of direct sunlight. Water as needed to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Reduce watering even further if the leaves start to yellow and drop off.

Common Problems With Philodendrons

Although these plants are relatively easy to care for, they can occasionally experience some problems. Some of the most common issues include:

  • Yellowing leaves: This is usually a sign of too much sun exposure. Move your plant to a shadier spot.
  • Browning leaves: Brown leaves can be caused by several things, including dehydration, nutrient deficiency, or pests. Try increasing watering and fertilizing if you think this may be the problem.
  • Wilting: Wilting can be caused by too much or too little water. Be sure to check the soil before watering and only water as needed.

Yellowing Leaves

One of the most common problems with these plants is their leaves turning yellow. This can be caused by several things, including too much sun, too little water, or even a lack of nutrients. If you notice the leaves turning yellow, try adjusting its environment and see if that does the trick.

If brown spots accompany yellow leaves, it could be a sign of rust, a fungal disease that can be difficult to treat. If you suspect your plant has rust, take it to a plant expert for advice on how to proceed.

Yellowing and Rotting Smell

If you notice that the leaves are yellowing or falling off, and the stem is softening and smelling bad, this is a sign of rotting. They are susceptible to root rot, so if you think your plant may have this issue, it’s essential to act quickly.

  • To save them from rotting, you’ll need to replant them in a fresh, well-draining potting mix.
  • Remove any affected leaves and roots, and water the plant carefully.
  • Allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings, and don’t fertilize until the plant is fully recovered.

Yellow Splotches or Patterning on Leaves

One of the most common problems with these plants is yellowing or browning leaves. While this can be caused by several factors, such as too much sun, too little water, or pests, one of the most common reasons for this issue is the plant getting too big for its pot. When roots become cramped, it can cause the leaves to turn yellow or brown.

Browning Leaves

One of the most common problems that growers face is browning leaves. This can be caused by several factors, including too much sun, too little water, or pests.

Other tips

  • Fertilize regularly during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer.
  • Water when the soil surface begins to dry, but don’t let the plant sit in water.
  • Philodendrons are not heavy feeders, so you don’t need to fertilize too often.
  • Pruning is not necessary, but you can trim back any dead or overgrown leaves.

With proper care, they can quickly grow and make excellent houseplants. There are wide varieties available, so you can find one that fits your home and lifestyle. With some care, they will thrive and provide you with beautiful, lush foliage.

Frequently Asked Questions about this Plant 

Is philodendron a good indoor plant?

Yes, it is an excellent indoor plant. It’s a tropical plant that loves humidity, so if you can give it a misting once in a while, that will be great. It also likes indirect light, so if you have a spot near a window where it won’t get too much sun, that will work well.
It is one of the easiest plants to care for – it’s very forgiving! So even if you forget to water it for a week or two, it should be fine. Make sure to saturate it thoroughly when you remember and give it some time to dry out before watering again.

Does philodendron need sun?

They do best when they have light but don’t need direct sun. A spot near a window where they can receive indirect sunlight is ideal. If you’re keeping your philodendron in a room that doesn’t get much natural light, you can supplement it with artificial light. Place the plant about two feet from a fluorescent or LED lamp for around 14 hours daily.

How do you care for an indoor philodendron?

An indoor philodendron should be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Water the plant generously, then allow it to drain completely. Do not water again until the top inch of the soil feels dry.
The plant also needs high humidity, so mist it with water daily or place it on a tray of wet pebbles. In winter, when humidity is low, you can increase it by placing the pot on a saucer of water.

What is a philodendron plant good for?

These plants are great for indoor use because they help to clean the air. They are also known for being good at removing toxins, such as formaldehyde and benzene, from the perspective.
They are easy to care for and can be grown in various conditions. They prefer bright, indirect light but can tolerate low levels if needed. They also require relatively high humidity levels, so you may need to mist them regularly or place them in a humid area.

Do philodendrons like to be misted?

Yes, they like to be misted. They enjoy high humidity and moist soil, so misting them regularly will help keep them happy and healthy. In the summertime, you can take your plant outside and give it a nice shower!

How often should you water a philodendron?

It depends on the size of the pot, the humidity, and how warm the room is. It would help if you generally watered them when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.
They like high humidity and warm room temperatures. You can increase the humidity by placing the pot on a tray of wet pebbles or misting it with water twice a day. Be careful not to overwater philodendrons, as they can quickly rot if their soil stays wet for too long.

When should you repot a philodendron?

It’s best to repot them in the spring when the plant is starting to grow new leaves. You’ll want to use a pot about two sizes bigger than the one the plant is currently in, and make sure you use potting soil specifically for house plants after you’ve replanted your philodendron, water it well and keep it in a shady spot until it adjusts to its new home.

How do I know if my philodendron needs water?

One way to tell if your plant needs water is to lift it. If the pot feels light, then the plant probably needs water. Another way to tell is to look at the leaves. If they are wilted or drooping, then the plant probably needs water.

Do philodendrons flower indoors?

Yes, they flower indoors, but the flowers are small and not particularly showy. Most people grow philodendrons for their attractive leaves rather than their flowers.
The flowers are produced on a spike that rises above the leaves. The flowers are small and green with four petals. They usually don’t last long and soon fall off the point.

Is philodendrons toxic?

They are not deadly poisonous but can cause skin irritations and stomach problems. They contain oxalates which are crystals that can irritate the mouth, throat, and stomach. They also contain calcium oxalate, a chemical that can form kidney stones. Symptoms of contact with these plants include skin rash, mouth and throat irritation, nausea, and vomiting. If you eat a philodendron plant, you may experience abdominal pain, diarrhea, and fever.
So while some aren’t deadly poisonous, they should still be handled with caution as they can cause skin irritations and stomach problems. If you happen to come in contact with the plant’s sap or if you eat

You may also like

Australian Flowers is the number one place to learn about flowers, whether you’re interested in botanical gardens, planting at home or just learning about the amazing wildlife we have in Australia

Subscribe

Join our newsletter if you’d like to get automatically notified when we post new content on the site. We’d love to let you know!

Copyright © 2022 Australian Flowers. All Rights Reserved.