Wattle Flower 101: Best Describes Australia

by Australian Flowers

Australia’s national flower is the wattle flower, which comes in many colours and varieties. The most common wattle flower is the golden wattle, a bright yellow colour. Wattle flowers are native to Australia and can be found all over the country. They are often used in bouquets and as decoration on cakes and other desserts.

Wattle flowers are not only beautiful, but they are also symbols of Australia’s history and culture. For many years, wattle flowers have been used in Aboriginal art and ceremonies. They are also a popular choice for tattoo designs.

Acacia Pycnantha 

Wattle Flower

Acacia pycnantha, commonly known as the golden wattle, is a tree of Fabaceae native to southeastern Australia. Growing to a height of 8 m (26 ft), it is a fast-growing acacia species with yellow flowers and bluish-green leaves.

The golden wattle is the national flower of Australia and was proclaimed as such on September 1 1988. The wattle tree has tremendous cultural and spiritual significance for Aboriginal Australians as it is often used as a meeting place, and its branches are used to make wattle fences.

Description of Wattle Flower 

The wattle flower is a small, yellow flower found on the wattle tree. The wattle tree is native to Australia and is the national flower of Australia. The wattle flower has a strong sweet smell and is often used in perfumes and cosmetics. The wattle flower is also used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments.

The wattle tree is a member of the Mimosa genus and is in the Fabaceae family. The wattle tree is a small to medium-sized tree that grows to a height of 15-20 meters. The wattle tree has long, thin leaves arranged in pairs along the stems. The wattle tree produces small,


Wattle flowers have a long history of being used by Aboriginal Australians for medicinal purposes. The leaves and bark of some species were used to treat fevers, colds and headaches, while the flowers were used as a mild sedative. Today, wattle flower extract is still used in some traditional medicines and is thought to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-relieving) properties.

Wattle flowers are also popular in the cut flower industry. They can be used fresh or dried, and their long stems are ideal for wreath-making and other floral arrangements.


The wattle flower is not particular to any region of Australia and can be found in all states and territories. The golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha) is the official floral emblem of Australia.

Wattle flowers are generally yellow but can also be found in white, cream, and orange. They are relatively small and grow in clusters. The wattle flower blooms from late winter to early spring.

Wattle Planting

Wattle planting season is upon us again, and wattle flowers are beginning to bloom all over Australia. If you’re unfamiliar with wattle flowers, now is the perfect time to get to know them!

Wattle planting season begins in late winter and extends into spring. The best time to plant wattle trees is from late winter to early spring when the soil is moist but not soggy.

Wattle Species

A wattle is a building material often made of interwoven saplings and branches. The golden wattle is Australia’s national flower, and wattle flowers are also found on the country’s coat of arms.

Wattles are found in a range of habitats, from rainforests to deserts. Some species, like the golden wattle, have bright yellow flowers, while others have red or white blooms.

Dwarf Wattle

Dwarf wattle flowers (Acacia parvula) are the most petite wattle flowers in Australia, with a diameter of only 2-4 mm. They are found in all states except Tasmania.

Wattle flowers come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some are very small, while others can be up to 5 cm in diameter. The colour of wattle flowers can also vary, from yellow and gold to white, cream and even pink.

Drought Tolerant

Wattle flowers are well-loved by Australian gardeners for their ability to brighten up even the dullest days. These vibrant blooms come in various colours, from deep yellow to light green, and they’re often used as cut flowers.

While wattle flowers may be beautiful, they can also be quite pesky. These plants are known for their self-seeding ability, which means they can easily take over a garden if left unchecked. If you’re looking to add wattle flowers to your garden, choosing a species appropriate for your climate and soil type is essential.

Pests and Disease

While wattle flowers are generally quite hardy, they can be susceptible to pests and disease. Common problems include wattle rust, wattle scale and wattle spider mites. To help prevent these problems, it’s essential to choose a healthy plant from the nursery and give it the proper care. If you notice any issues with your wattle flower, consult a professional for treatment options.  

With proper care, wattle flowers can be a beautiful and low-maintenance addition to your garden. Enjoy their cheerful blooms all spring and summer long!

11 Facts About Australia’s National Flower

These are the facts about the National Flower

  • The wattle is Australia’s national flower.
  • There are more than 1,000 species of wattle in Australia.
  • The golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha) is the most common in Australia.
  • Wattles have been growing in Australia for more than 60 million years.
  • The wattle symbolises unity and strength and is often worn by Australian athletes at international sporting events.
  • The wattle is also a symbol of spring, as it flowers in September (the start of spring in Australia).
  • The wattle flower is used as a flavouring in some liqueurs, including Australia’s national liqueur, Bundaberg Rum.
  • The wattle is the state flower of both New South Wales and Victoria.
  • The wattle is featured on the Australian 20-cent coin.
  • The wattle is a popular subject for Australian artists and has been depicted in many paintings, sculptures and photographs.
  • The wattle is a food source for many native animals, including birds, bees and possums.

Indigenous Australians Have Used The Golden Wattle For Millennia.

For over 6,000 years, in fact! Indigenous Australians have used the wattle as a source of food, medicine and shelter. The golden wattle is also an essential part of Aboriginal culture, with many tribes using it in ceremonies and Dreamtime stories.

So there you have everything you need to know about Australia’s national flower! The wattle is a beautiful and versatile plant that has been essential to Australian life for centuries. Whether you’re admiring them in a painting, sipping on a wattle-flavoured liqueur or wearing one in your lapel, make sure to take a moment to appreciate these unique and lovely flowers.

British Colonists Weren’t Particularly Interested In It.

British colonists arrived in Australia in 1788, and within a few years, they started clearing land for farming. The wattle was seen as nothing more than a nuisance and was often removed to make way for crops.

It wasn’t until the early 1800s that the wattle started to gain popularity, thanks to its use as a source of timber and fuel. By the mid-19th century, the wattle was widely used in construction, furniture-making, and railway sleepers.

The Golden Wattle Is Entwined With Australia’s Military History.

Yes, the wattle has a long association with Australia’s military.

During World War I, Australian soldiers wore wattle sprigs in their uniforms to show their patriotism. And in 1918, wattle blossoms were used to make wattle wreaths, which were sent to British soldiers as a sign of support. 

It’s Wrong on The Coat of Arms.

The wattle is such an essential part of Australia’s history and identity that, understandably, people might think it should be on the coat of arms.

But the truth is, the wattle wasn’t chosen for the coat of arms because it was thought to be too ordinary and uninteresting. The designers wanted something that would be more distinctive and visually appealing.

Wattle Day is Celebrated on September 1

On September 1 each year, Australians celebrate National Wattle Day. This day is a time to reflect on the critical role that wattles play in our country’s history and culture.

Wattle Day was first celebrated in 1910 and has been held annually. The date was chosen to coincide with the start of spring when the wattle tree is in full bloom.  

So there you have everything you need to know about Australia’s national flower! Be sure to plant a wattle in your garden and enjoy its cheerful blooms all spring and summer.

It inspired Australia’s National Colours.

The wattle flower inspired the Australian colours of green and gold. The golden wattle is the national flower of Australia and has been a part of the country’s history for centuries. There are over 1000 wattle flowers in Australia, but the most popular one is the golden wattle.

Wattle flowers are native to Australia and have been used by Aboriginal Australians for centuries. The wattle flower symbolises peace and unity and is often worn by Australians on Anzac Day.

Golden Wattle Appeared on the Queen’s Coronation Gown.

Golden wattle appeared on the Queen’s coronation gown when she was crowned in 1953. It is also a part of the Commonwealth wreath that is laid at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey on Remembrance Day.

In Australia, wattle flowers are often used to decorate homes and public spaces. They are also a popular choice for weddings and other special occasions.

Monty Python joked about the golden wattle.

Golden Wattle

Monty Phyton joked about the golden wattle in a Flying Circus sketch, in which the wattle is described as “the national flower of Australia because it can withstand the country’s harsh conditions.”

The wattle flower is essential to Australian culture and history and has been a national symbol since 1988. There are over 1000 wattle flowers in Australia, but the most popular one is the golden wattle. The wattle flower symbolises peace and unity and is often worn by Australians on Anzac Day.

It’s Used on Australia’s Medals and Awards.

The wattle is a symbol of Australia and is often used on medals and awards to represent the country. The wattle is also a popular choice for Australian-themed jewellery and other products.

The wattle is found on Australia’s highest honour, the Victoria Cross. This coveted medal is awarded “for most conspicuous bravery, or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy.”

The wattle flower has been a part of Australia’s history and culture for centuries and shows no signs of disappearing anytime soon. So the next time you see a wattle, take a moment to appreciate this iconic Australian flower.

It’s a Strong Candidate to be our Next National Flag.

A strong candidate to be our next national flag because of its unique place in Australian history and culture, the wattle flower is a powerful symbol of our country.

Aboriginal Australians have used wattle flowers for centuries. They are often used in traditional medicines, and the bark of some wattle species can be used to make a type of wattle tea. Wattle flowers are also used in bush foods, such as wattle seed cakes and damper.

The Golden Wattle is a Weed in Some Parts of the World.

The golden wattle is a weed in some parts of the world, but we love it anyway! The golden wattle is so prevalent in Australia that it appears on our banknotes, medals, and awards. It even has its national day – September 1 is National Wattle Day!

So there you have everything you need to know about Australia’s national flower. The wattle is an enduring symbol of our country, and it’s easy to see why. With its bright flowers and unique history, the wattle is a true Australian icon.

Frequently Asked Questions about the National Flower 

Why is the golden wattle the national flower of Australia?

Prime Minister Bob Hawke announced the golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha) as the national flower of Australia on 11 November 1988.
The wattle has been long associated with Australia, appearing on coins and early stamps. It is a small tree or shrub that grows between 3 and 10 metres tall, with phyllodes (leaf-like structures) that are green to gold in colour. The flowers are creamy-white and appear from September to November in the southern hemisphere.

What does golden wattle smell like?

The golden wattle, as the name suggests, has a golden hue and an aroma that is sweet and honey-like.
The flowers are also edible and are used to make a tea that is said to be refreshing and slightly sweet. Some people liken the taste of the tea to jasmine or chamomile.

In which season the Golden Wattle flower does bloom?

The Golden Wattle flower blooms in late winter to early spring. The flowers are a yellow-gold colour and can be quite showy. The tree branches often droop with the blooms’ weight, making for a beautiful sight.

Is Australian wattle poisonous?

No, Australian wattles are not poisonous. Many types of wattles exist, and while some may have small amounts of toxins, none are deadly. Many parts of the wattle plant are edible and have been used for centuries by Indigenous Australians for their nutritional and medicinal properties. For example, the seeds can be ground into flour, the flowers can be boiled to make tea, and the leaves can be eaten as a sort of spinach.

How do you identify a golden wattle?

Golden wattles can be identified by their bright yellow flowers that bloom in late winter or early spring. The plants grow up to six feet tall, with long branches that droop down.
The leaves are also distinctive; they are made up of several small leaflets that taper to a point. The underside of the leaflets is covered in dense, white hairs. The bark is smooth and light grey.
Golden wattles can be found in California, Oregon, and Washington.

Where do wattle Grow Best?

Wattle can be found worldwide, but they grow best in warm climates with plenty of sun.
They like well-drained soil and can tolerate drought conditions, but they grow best when watered regularly. They also need a lot of sun, so plant them in a spot where they’ll get at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.

How big can wattle Grow?

It depends on the type of wattle. Some can grow up to 12 inches long, while others are much smaller.
Wattles are generally pretty small, but they can vary in size depending on the species. They are usually 1-2 inches long, but some can grow up to 12 inches long. Most wattles are pretty harmless, but a few species can be dangerous if disturbed. So be sure to do your research before handling any wattle!

How do wattles reproduce?

Wattles reproduces by seed. After flowering, the fruit will mature and turn dark brown or black. The fruit is a drupe containing one or two sources. Upon maturity, the fruit splits along the sutures, releasing the seeds.

Do wattles have deep roots?

Wattles have a deep taproot that can reach down to the water table and have many lateral surface roots. This combination of a deep taproot and lots of lateral surface roots enables wattles to extract groundwater and nutrients from the soil very efficiently.
The deep roots also make wattles good at holding on to soils, which helps them survive in drought-prone areas. And because the deep roots can reach down to the water table, they can help replenish groundwater supplies during drought.

How do you collect wattle seeds?

The easiest way to collect wattle seeds is to shake the tree and let the seeds fall to the ground. You can also use a bag or net to catch the falling seeds. Collecting the seeds as soon as they are ripe is essential because they will start to decay quickly once they are removed from the tree.

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